Whereas a Commission of Bankruptcy is awarded and issued
Joseph Cawthra, now or late of Yeadon in the Parish of Guiseley in
county of York.
Merchant, Dealer and Chapman and he being declared
aBankrupt is hereby required to surrender himself to the Commissioners in
the said Commission named and authorised, or the major part of them, on the
Fifth and Sixth Days of June and on the Forth Day of July next, at 10 o'clock
in the Fore-noon on each of the said Days, at
William Duckworth's, the White
Horse in Leeds, in the said county of York and make a full Discovery and
Disclosure of his Estate and Effects..
When and Where the Creditors
are to come prepared to prove their
Debts, at the second sitting to choose
Assignees and at the last
sitting the said Bankrupt is required to finish his
the Creditors are to assent to, or dissent from the
Allowance of the
All persons indebted to the Estate and
Effects of the said Bankrupt are desired immediately to pay the same to Mr
John Metcalfe of Leeds or Mr Thomas Musgrave of Armley, Assignees of the
said Bankrupt or to Mr Autey, Attorney at Law in Leeds aforesaid
Actions will be brought for the Recovery thereof, without
Further information about Joseph Cawthra by Christine Lovedale :
Joseph Cawthra was born in 1759 to Henry Cawthra and Mary Brown, he seems
to have been an ambitious young man, building the first steam powered mill in
Yeadon (Circa 1792) at a site which was initially called the Old Mill but soon
became known as "the Old Dog Mill".
A that time he was living in Yeadon Manor,
married to Mary Turnpenny by whom he had at least 9 children, 6 sons and 3
He fell foul of the local community when he diverted water from Yeadon
Beck which flows down the High Street (it still exists but is now underground)
towards the Old Dog, no doubt an increased flow gave more power to his steam
This action so angered the townspeople the Town Meeting sued him for
restoration which was granted, perhaps this was a factor in his bankruptcy which
occurred in 1795 when he would have been around 34 years of age.
Having become so unpopular with his neighbours he emigrated in 1802,
first spending time in America then settling in Toronto, Canada.
Between 1806 -
1809 his family gradually joined him, he entered into various profitable
business ventures then became a politician.
He had been granted a portion of
land by the Canadian Government on which he built a replica of Yeadon Manor.
the time Joseph died in 1842 his large family were also making their fortunes ,
place names in the Mississauga area still carry the name Cawthra eg Cawthra
Road, his home and surrounding land is now a public park.